Meet the magic world & the beauty of birds
When someone looks at the map of Greece gives a rough idea of the diversity of its fauna and flora. The geographical location and the variety of habitat types determine its rich bird life. The mainland is characterised by high mountains and very rugged relief alternating with small valleys and farmland. Freshwater lakes and coastal lagoons form an important network of wetlands. And of course, the island archipelagos; more than 2,000 islands, some big, like Crete, some small rocky islets, are the home of nesting seabirds and Eleonora’s.
In Greece there are 196 places which are characterized as “Important Places for Birds”. Guests have the opportunity to see rare kind of birds, to learn about protected areas and nature reserves of international importance. The birds are probably the most obvious indicator of the health of the environment. The disappearance and the reduction of their populations is associated with risks impairing nature. Greece is a country very important internationally for both local and migratory species. At the crossroads of three continents, with an amazing variety in natural surroundings (coast, mountains, forests, meadows, and dunes) Greece occupies a privileged position for the lives of hundreds of species. As a peninsula, facilitates the journey of millions of birds over the Mediterranean, while the South country of Europe is a welcoming place for other species in the North which they need the mild winter.
Some of the most important biotopes are the following:
• The delta of the river Kalamas is a large water biotope with major ecological importance.
• The Antikythera in Kythera Island and the surrounding islets are a focal point in the Aegean Sea: are the same distance from both the Peloponnese and Crete. The concentration of both large populations in a very small island, offers ideal conditions for the systematic study.
• The marsh of Kalodiki also, in Thesprotia, is a water biotope that covers an area of 3.5 square kilometres.
• Evros Delta is situated on the borders of two regions that have different characteristics. Mediterranean and southern European characteristics are obvious in the region as well as the influence of the Black sea and Kaspia regions especially concerning the existing vegetation. The Evros Delta is very important because of the numbers of birds, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and fishes that it hosts.
• The area of the Gialova lagoon is a lagoon of European significance Habitat due to the large number of rare, endangered and protected birds & much more.
• Crete is home to a number of rare and endangered birds. The island has 22 important places for birds such as White Mountains, Lake Kourna, Georgioupolis Beach, Gavdos Island, Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Dikti Mountains, Giouhtas Mountain and much more.
• Lesvos has established itself as one of the premier birding destinations within the Mediterranean basin. It combines the excitement of migration with several key species which can be otherwise difficult to see elsewhere in Europe. It might not have the large numbers of raptors some other places enjoy, but even raptor passage can be exhilarating.
• Rhodes Island also is a holiday-destination so most European birdwatchers visit during the months July, August and September. The beautiful island of roses has unique physical scenery that never ceases to impress visitors. Rhodes is known as the isle of the Sun due to a unique climate with more sunny days (260/year) than any other place in Europe.